Hydroponics garden is the new trend in home gardening and we can’t stop hearing about it.

So what exactly is hydroponic gardening?

In hydroponic gardening, plants are grown using a nutrient solution medium instead of traditional soil. 

The roots of the plants sometimes may hang directly into a liquid solution of water and dissolved nutrients, but other times, they will grow in a medium made of an inert, nutritional substrate.

Starting your own hydroponic garden has several benefits. It works in pretty much any place, it can be as big (or tiny) as you choose, and frequently grows plants faster than conventional gardening.

Hydroponic plants are more cost-effective, low-maintenance, and adaptable because of their vertical design and available space-saving options. 

What’s more, is that hydroponic farming generally uses less water than traditional farming methods while protecting your plants from a variety of pests and diseases.

Hydroponic Systems for Beginners

Three hydroponics systems are suitable for beginners: wick, deep water culture, ebb and flow, and NFT Hydroponic System

Wick Hydroponic System:

As there are neither any moving parts nor electrical components in the wick system, it is the mechanically simplest hydroponics system.

However, plants that require a lot of water, such as lettuce or tomatoes, may use the nutritional solution more quickly than the wicks can replenish it. The ideal plants for this hydroponic system are microgreens, herbs, and peppers.

Deep Water Culture (Lettuce Raft) Hydroponic System:

Another basic hydroponic system is the deep water culture system, which grows plants by placing plants in net pots that are held above water using a floating platform, with the plant roots suspended freely directly into the nutrient solution.

This nutrient solution is kept oxygenated using an air pump, airline, and airstone.

Although this system is based on the idea of recirculating and conserving water, it is not appropriate for larger plants or those with a lengthy growing season such as tomatoes

Ebb and Flow Hydroponic System:

The flood and drain hydroponics system, commonly known as the ebb and flow system, has a complicated design but is incredibly adaptable. 

The growing material in this hydroponic garden system is saturated with a water-nutrient solution. After that, it drains back into the reservoir.

The Nutrient Film Technique (NFT) Hydroponic System:

There are several ways to create a nutritional film technique system; however, all of them take after the design of a very shallow nutrient solution pouring down through the tube. 

When the bare roots of the plants come into touch with water, the nutrients in the solutions will be absorbed.

The NFT hydroponic system is similar to the Ebb and Flow hydroponic system as they both employ water pumps to give nutrients to the plants. 

However, the NFT system is a continuously flowing one, as opposed to the flood and drain dynamics of an Ebb and Flow setup.

Now that you've learned about types of hydroponic systems, let’s get into the steps to starting your own hydroponic garden.

Guide to Start your DIY Hydroponic Garden

So you’ve decided to up your home gardening game and venture into hydroponic farming? 

We are here to walk you through it. 

The following information will help you create a DIY hydroponic garden:

1. Choose the Vegetables for Your Hydroponic Garden

You might find it challenging to choose just one vegetable for your hydroponic garden, but there's no need to worry—you can pick as many as you want!

Almost all brassica crops require the same nutrients, and green vegetables are also an option.

For your home hydroponic farm at home, you can choose from a wide variety of vegetables, including lettuce, kale, broccoli, spinach, and swiss chard.

2. Select the Most Suitable Hydroponic System for Your Plants.

Leafy vegetables are the most popular type of crop grown in hydroponic gardens, and the NFT kind of hydroponic system is best suited for them.

Additionally, you can choose the system's size according to how many plants your want to grow. 

3. Get the Nutrient Solution Ready!

One of the most important steps in hydroponic gardening is the planting of seeds. A high-nutrition solution can be harmful to seed development. 

By utilizing a carefully made nutrient solution for them that is just enough diluted, you can shield them from potential injury. 

You can start seeds in pre-mixed nutrition solutions that are readily accessible on the market.

Now very gently, place the seeds in the growth medium cube. Transfer all of the cubes to a tray or container that will keep them all together and offer a microenvironment for healthy development. 

After that, place them close to a source of light and provide them with the nutrient solution you made earlier.

4. Time to Bring Out the Hydroponic System to Functioning.

After 2-3 weeks of proper nutrient supply and light exposure, the roots start to appear. Now, is the time to make your system run and prepare it to welcome young seedlings.

Check whether all the inlet and outlet pipes are well connected. The reservoir should be cleaned and sanitized before adding nutrients to it. 

5. Plug In the Growth Lights. 

As the plants need light to grow, the hydroponic system also comes with optional growth lights if your home does not have enough natural light. The grow light emits light with the precise intensity needed for photosynthesis.

Now that everything is set up and prepared. All you have to do is sit back, relax and watch your plants grow!

With your very own hydroponic garden, you can feed your family and yourself delicacies YEAR-AROUND, save money, and enjoy the process of watching your green lovelies grow without any hassle.

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